Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Digitial India plan might have impressed the CEOs of the tech majors he met in the Silicon Valley, many citizens in India have a different story to tell.
Take Modi's home state Gujarat for instance. Even as Modi showcased his ambitious mission of providing internet connectivity to millions of Indians, internet services were banned for 24 hours in Godhra. The reason given was that this was to prevent tensions on the occasion of Ganpati visarjan.
Internet bans have become a habit with the Gujarat government. Mobile internet services in the state were suspended almost every time Patidar leader Hardik Patel was arrested. As the services were often restored with Patel's release, this sparked jokes like this one.
The internet bans in Gujarat had a disastrous impact on various industries, particularly e-commerce and e-ticketing. Many e-commerce companies based in the state had to send some of their employees to Bengaluru and Mumbai to remain in business.
Hardik Patel Arrested: Internet off Hardik Patel Relesed: Internet on Govt makes Hardik Patel as WiFi Router pic.twitter.com/HOrc5nCUfz— Swachh Politics (@SwachhPolitics) September 22, 2015
"If this kind of digital emergency continues, it will take a toll on the start-up ecosystem in the state. It may led to tech start-up and e-commerce vendors' exodus to other startup hubs," Jatin Chaudhary, founder of eChai, a start-up community in Gujarat, told the Economic Times.
This "digital emergency" is in complete contrast to the promotion of start-ups and innovations that Modi promised in his Silicon Valley address. Qualcomm announced a $150 million fund to foster start-ups but how viable would these ventures be if the government bans internet services at the drop of the hat.
No state has been subjected to as many internet bans as Jammu and Kashmir. Internet services in the state were banned for 77 hours on Friday. People in the Muslim-majority state were unable to wish their relatives on Eid through WhatsApp or Facebook because of the ban.
The rationale given was bizarre: the administration feared that there would be tensions if people posted videos of cows being slaughtered on Eid. This, in effect, meant that not only does the administration want to impost an arbitrary ban on cow slaughter, it will also periodically suspend internet services to enforce this ban.
As it is Kashmir is often subjected to discrimination in matters of communications. Prepaid phones from the rest of India do not work in Kashmir and vice-versa. The periodic internet bans reinforce the sense of marginalisation even further.
It almost amounts to saying that Kashmir might be an integral part of India, but not Digital India.
Internet bans stem from the government's inherent distrust of citizens.
It is precisely this distrust that made the government prepare a policy on encryption. The policy would have made it punishable to not save all your encrypted data in plain text form and provide it when demanded by a cop. Fortunately, the government had to withdraw the proposal following a widespread uproar.
Of course, the BJP's distrust of the internet is understandable, given the party's own history of misusing it. After all, it's MLA Sangeet Som was booked for uploading a fake video that sparked riots in Muzaffarnagar in 2013.
But one must commend the state governments in Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir for their ingenuity. Internet bans are a terrific way of 'fixing' social media after the Supreme Court struck down Section 66A of the IT Act.
Wonder what tech giants of the Silicon Valley will think of this act of internet innovation.